According to a report by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) set to be published in July, highly skilled workers are facing the risk of being replaced by AI. Unlike previous industrial revolutions that primarily impacted blue-collar jobs, this time the jobs at risk of automation are higher intellectual jobs in the tertiary sector.
Stefano Scarpetta, the director of research at the OECD, emphasized that the study conducted interviews with 5,000 workers from OECD countries in the finance and manufacturing sectors, revealing concerns about the development of AI. Approximately 30 percent of workers expressed worry, with 19 percent indicating that they were very concerned about the potential threat to their jobs.
However, Scarpetta pointed out that the forecast in the report is already becoming outdated due to the emergence of technologies such as ChatGPT, an AI-powered content generator developed by OpenAI. He suggested that more jobs could be affected than initially expected, and the impact on the world of work may be even more widespread than previously thought.
Goldman Sachs, a US bank, estimated in March that around 300 million jobs worldwide could be replaced by AI in the coming years, primarily in office and administrative tasks rather than construction and maintenance roles.
On the brighter side, the World Economic Forum projected that while 83 million jobs are likely to be lost over the next five years, another 69 million jobs could be created, with high demand in sectors such as cybersecurity and new technology.