Why Surah Kahaf ?
Comes Thursday, and I start receiving messages on my whats app, face book and messenger, reminding me to recite Surah Kahaf (a chapter in Quran)on Friday. This is also often followed by personal conversations such as
“Oh I am little tight on time today, I have to recite Surah Kahaf “or “have you recited Surah Kahaf? Its Friday today.”
Overtaken by curiosity as to what is the motivation behind this practice, I went on a small exploratory trip and every time some one mentioned the subject, I would ask:
Why do you recite Surah Kahaf every Friday? And the answer was unanimously similar
“It brings Barkat (blessings, abundance, prosperity)”
Doesn’t every Sura in Quran when recited has its own barkat ?would be my second question.
Again the reply was similar, “Yes, but it has special Barkat ( blessings) when recited on Friday.”
But since the answer was not to my complete satisfaction, I decided to dig a bit deeper. A little research or Google search as you may call it, brought the following facts forward.
1) Surah Kahaf comprises of four stories, which disseminate four different lessons, which every Muslim in particular and every human being in general must learn in order to live a peaceful and blessed life.
2) The reason why we are asked to recite it every Friday is to go through these lessons repeatedly so that they are engrained in your heart, mind and soul and become part of your daily life style and once you have learnt to follow these lessons, its then that your life turns into a blessed one.
So here are the 4 main stories
The first story that is mentioned in the Surah is the story of the men of cave ( Ashab e Kahaf). They were the people who were believers and lived in a country of non-believers. Thus, feeling threatened for their lives, they leave the city and went to a cave for the sake of Allah and their faith. There Allah Almighty bestowed sleep over them and when they woke up from their sleep, by that time all the people of their city had become believers.
Thus, the first lesson to learn is that when a person puts his or her belief in God Almighty, He always comes to their rescue and helps them in easing their difficulties and assists them in ways that are beyond Human comprehension. Moreover the story asserts the need to remain in the company of righteous people in order to attract mercy and assistance of Allah
“And keep yourself patient [by being] with those who call upon their Lord in the morning and the evening, seeking His countenance. And let not your eyes pass beyond them, desiring adornments of the worldly life, and do not obey one whose heart We have made heedless of Our remembrance and who follows his desire and whose affair is ever [in] neglect.” (18:28)
The second story in the Surah is a person who was the owner of a garden and was wealthy and rich in every aspect. However, his wealth led him to arrogance and looking down upon others. As a result of which Allah Almighty deprived him of all the worldly artifice and bounties, which made him realize the transient and short lived nature of the worldly treasures but by then it was too late for him.
This also teaches the lesson that all the wealth is a test from Allah Almighty and a person needs to be grateful for every thing he has been given.
As mentioned in Quran
“And present to them the example of the life of this world, [its being] like rain which We send down from the sky, and the vegetation of the earth mingles with it and [then] it becomes dry remnants, scattered by the winds. And Allah is ever, over all things, Perfect in Ability.” (18:45)
The third story mentioned in Surah Kahaf is of Hazrat Musa (AS) and Hazrat Khizar (AS). Allah Almighty sent him to meet Hazrat Khizr, who throughout the story proved that he knew more than Musa (AS).
The lesson here is there that a human mind does not have the knowledge to understand the acts of God, which are done for the larger benefit of a human being
The fourth story that Allah Almighty mentions in Quran in this particular Surah is the story of great king Dhul-Qarnayn who travelled all across the world to help the people who were in need and spread good wherever he went. He was the one who provided relief to people from the menace of
Gag Magog by building a wall made of molten iron and copper.
The lesson to be learnt from this story is that power is also a gift from Allah and, those who have power over should use this power to do good and make the lives of other easier and fight evil as well. The Surah also emphasizes the use of technology as the combination of iron and copper to build a wall was not known to the people of that time
Hence friends, besides the special rewards and benefits that come from recitation of Surah Kahaf, an understanding of its content is essential to shape your life in order to extract the maximum benefits, rewards and blessings of this Surah. Ameen.