Surajpal Amu, a Rajput and BJP’s chief media coordinator in Haryana, has reaffirmed his Rs. 10 crore offer to whoever beheads Padmavati director Sanjay Leela Bhansali and actor Deepika Padukone. Why the emotions flying so high, they say the history is being distorted and ‘The women of a city self-immolate to avoid being captured by invaders.’ They have a point here!! The facts are that a myth has been rocketed into a drama of reality. It is a very sad story of conquests and bloodshed.
This is such a useless ‘ myth ‘ that not a drop of blood should be wasted!! The director could have researched the history a bit!! There was no need of romanticising a story which any which way is that of conquest plunder and valour. The siege lasted for eight months and Rajputs of the Chittor fort sacrificed. There was no romance or nicety involved. It was raw vandalism of a war hardened ruler of Delhi Sultanate who had killed his father Jalaluddin to ascend on the throne arrayed against a small state garrison🙏.
Padmavati a movie by Sanjay Leela Bhansali’s is constructed on the 14th Century siege of the Chittor fort. The lineage of Rani Padmini has been cloaked in vagueness, though Maharani Padmavati was from the contemporary Rana Udaipur’s family. The primary reference of the mythical gorgeous Rajput queen originates from the 16th-century Sufi poet Jayasi’s classic poem, Padmavati.
It is a movie based on a mythical epic written 200 years after the siege of the Chittor fort when emperor attacked Rajasthan in a bid to capture the beautiful queen, Padmini.
Malik Mohammad Jaisi’s work is a fantasy recapping of the blockade of Chittorgarh by Turkic Delhi Sultanate ruler Alauddin Khilji that he undeniably commanded in 1303.
Padmavat states that Ratnasimha’s queen Padmini and other women committed suicide by ‘jauhar’ (mass self-immolation) to evade being captured by Alauddin. Jaisi’s epic Padmavat expresses that Alauddin attacked Chittor to get Padmini, the queen of Ratnasimha called Ratan Sen in the epic.
Jiasi’s epic portrays ‘Raghava’ a conspirator from the court of Ratnasimha who communicated to Alauddin about the astonishing gorgeousness of Rani Padmini.
In 1301, Ratnasimha ascended the throne of Chittor, in same year Alauddin Khilji conquered Ranthambore, located between Delhi and Chittor.
In late January of 1303, Alauddin commenced his march to Chittor with a huge army. The blockade went on for nearly 8 months, which suggests that the protectors put up a strong fight. Alauddin ordered the fort to be bombarded with stones from munjaniqs, while his armored soldiers attacked it from all sides. This was a war not romantic rendezvous. The besieged were completely obliterated. Where was the time for mirror and dance 💃during this bloody eight months saga of total war ? Please
The fort garrison may have suffered from a famine or an epidemic. On 26 August 1303, Alauddin entered the fort. After his victory, Alauddin ordered a general massacre of Chittor’s population. According to Amir Khusrau, 30,000 Hindus were “cut down like dry grass” as a result of this order.*
History is based on facts and not on fiction. Maharani Padmavati is famous because of her ultimate sacrifice with 13,000 other courageous Rajput women instead of falling into the hands of Khilji. All this dancing and mirror showcasing is utter nonsense.
Padmini finds no reference in the initial archives of Alauddin’s subjugation of Chittor as the main reason of the attack. Historian Kishori Saran Lal dismisses the Maharani Padmavati as a non-historical text but believes that a Jauhar did happen at Chittor following Alauddin’s conquest.**
Amir Khusrau, who accompanied Alauddin to Chittor, has described the siege in brief, in his ‘Khaza’in ul-Futuh.’ The elucidation by Amir Khusrau in Khaza’in ul-Futuh makes no reference of Rani. Barani and Isami and most of the modern historians have rejected the authenticity of the Padmini legend.***
The Imperial Gazetteer of India of 1909 states, “In the final verses of his work, the poet explains that it is all an allegory. By Chittor he means the body of man; by Ratan Singh, the soul; by the parrot, the guru or spiritual protector; by Padmavati, wisdom; by Alauddin, delusion, and so on.”
Historian Saksena notes that Amir Khusrau does not mention any Jauhar at Chittor, although he has referred to the Jauhar during the earlier conquest of Ranthambore 1301. Saksena trusts that the story of Jauhar at Chittor is a construction of Jiasi’s poetic hyperbole.****
What happened to Ratnasimha, the ruler of Chittor?
The early Muslim chroniclers such as Amir Khusrau, Ziauddin Barani, and Isami, state that the unnamed ruler (“Rai”) of Chittor surrendered to Alauddin, and was pardoned. The Jain writer Kakka Suri (1336) states that Alauddin took away his wealth, and “made him move like a monkey from one city to another”. *****
Khilji V/S Mongols
The movie claims of an invasion by hundreds of thousands of Mongols are clearly hugely inflated, this number is equivalent to the entire size of the entire armies of the Mongol realms of Central Asia or the Middle East about 150,000 men. The movie tries to depict Khilji as a saviour of Hinduism since he was able to singlehandedly ward off the invasion of Mongols that would have devastated sub continent. This is crap history.
Going by the name of the Mongol commanders it is apparent that those very commanders never led anywhere near 150,000 men. These commanders led tumens, units nominally not more than 10,000 men. The invasions of sub continent were not the focus of the golden hordes from the steppes.
Khilji, was as much an invader though local born as any one else in the town; to portray him as someone who shielded and protected saved Indian subcontinent from the atrocities like those of a Baghdad and other mongol invasion is so poor history, he did not save the sub continent from Mongols, Mongols sub commanders invaded Indian continent several time but not the main cavalry. To say without him ‘Hinduism’ would have been annihilated by the Mongol hoardes is such a baloney.
The treason of Delhi prince, Jalal al-Din Masud, who traveled to the Mongol capital at Karakorum and sought the assistance of Möngke Khan in seizing the throne from his elder brother as early as in 1248. The Delhi Sultanate had working relationships with Mongols and the stirrups would request invasions from Mongol commanders to get Delhi rulers off their back. Halugu Khan had invaded outposts of Hindustan like Sind and Multan. In 1257 the governor of Sindh offered his entire province to Hulagu Khan, Mongke’s brother, and sought Mongol protection from his overlord in Delhi.
Hulagu led a strong force under Sali Bahadur into Sindh. In the winter of 1257 – beginning of 1258, Sali Noyan entered Sind in strength and dismantled the fortifications of Multan; his forces may also have invested the island fortress of Bakhkar on the Indus.
However, Hulagu refused to sanction a grand invasion of the Delhi Sultanate and a few years later diplomatic correspondence between the two rulers confirmed the growing desire for peace.
Hulagu had many other areas of conquests to take care of in Syria and southwestern Asia. Large-scale Mongol invasions of India ceased and the Delhi Sultans used the respite to recover the frontier towns like Multan, Uch, and Lahore, and to punish the local Ranas and Rais who had joined hands with either the Khwarazim or the Mongol invaders. Khilji Chittor invasion was one such attempt.
MediaBites Editorial – Courtesy: Mr. Iqbal Latif
Pakistan First Media And Brand Website.
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