Recently I visited Turkey for a family holiday, the place is no less than heaven on earth, The history of the Turks covers a time frame of more than 4000 years, includes the history of both Anatolia (the Asian part of Turkey) and Eastern Thrace (the European part of Turkey). The land from where arose the Ottoman Empire, which ruled over a large territory on three continents and lasted for over 623 years and ended after the First World War. The Ottomans ruled over Greece, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Albania and Romania, over all the islands in the Eastern Mediterranean, and over Middle East.
The Ottoman Empire, however, lost its economic and military superiority to Europe and in 1918 the empire emerged defeated from the World War one, the territories of the Ottoman Empire were seized by Britain, France, Russia, and Greece. This marked the end of the Ottoman Empire.
“Father of The Turks” Mustafa Kemal then organized and structured an army which fought the The Turkish National Liberation War, an effort to liberate a state, in 1923 victory was achieved, he remained president for 15 years , until his death in 1938, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk introduced a range of new laws in the political, social, legal, economic, and cultural areas that were virtually incomparable to any other country. he firmly upheld secularism and seperation of religion from state affairs as well as upholding principles of Human Rights, national sovereignty, Democracy and a secular education system.
One particular symbol of tradition I noted was the abundance of stray cats and dogs in the old imperial capital of Istanbul and in Antalya, that remained unfazed by the coming and going of thousands of tourists, you could also spot food and water left in corners for the stray animals, the locals have learnt to live along side the animals , reflecting a sign of a greatly civilised nation. Estimated to be between 100,000 and 150,000 these dogs are everywhere. You will see them sleeping in parks, on street corners and in business doorways.
They lay in front of 5* hotels, the guests step over them into the hotel often offering them a pat on the back, cats lay on cushions and carpets that are on display to sell to tourists no one seems to be bothered by them, they also have a tag in their ears marking they’ve been vaccinated. Turkey introduced an animal protection law in 2004, and state policy is to catch, neuter and release or find a home for street animals.
MediaBites Editorial – Zahra Khan
Pakistan First Media And Brand Website.
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